第一个方法是使用MFC里面的?<afxinet.h>

 CString GetHttpFileData(CString strUrl)
{
     CInternetSession Session("Internet Explorer", 0);
     CHttpFile *pHttpFile = NULL;
     CString strData;
     CString strClip;
     pHttpFile = (CHttpFile*)Session.OpenURL(strUrl);
    while ( pHttpFile->ReadString(strClip) )
     {
      strData += strClip;
      }
     return strData;
}

 

要讲一下,pHttpFile->ReadString() 每次可能只读一个数据片断,读多少次取决于网络状况,所以要把每次读到的数据加到总数据的尾部,用了CString 省去了缓冲区处理:)

别忘了包含头文件#include <afxinet.h> 在工程设置,里面要选择 using MFC 要不然编译不了

第二种是使用WinNet的纯API实现的

#define MAXBLOCKSIZE 1024
#include <windows.h>
#include <wininet.h>

#pragma comment(lib, "wininet.lib")

void GetWebSrcCode(const char *Url);

int _tmain(int argc, _TCHAR* argv[])
{
    GetWebSrcCode("http://www.cnblogs.com/");

    return 0;
}

void GetWebSrcCode(const char *Url)
{
    HINTERNET hSession = InternetOpen("zwt", INTERNET_OPEN_TYPE_PRECONFIG, NULL, NULL, 0);
    if (hSession != NULL)
    {
        HINTERNET hURL = InternetOpenUrl(hSession, Url, NULL, 0, INTERNET_FLAG_DONT_CACHE, 0);
        if (hURL != NULL)
        {
            char Temp[MAXBLOCKSIZE] = {0};
            ULONG Number = 1;

            FILE *stream;
            if( (stream = fopen( "E:\\test.html", "wb" )) != NULL )
            {
                while (Number > 0)
                {
                    InternetReadFile(hURL, Temp, MAXBLOCKSIZE - 1, &Number);
                    fwrite(Temp, sizeof (char), Number , stream);
                }
                fclose( stream );
            }

            InternetCloseHandle(hURL);
            hURL = NULL;
        }

        InternetCloseHandle(hSession);
        hSession = NULL;
    }
}

 

第三种就是使用非封装过的Socket实现了

int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
    SOCKET hsocket;
    SOCKADDR_IN saServer;
    WSADATA wsadata;
    LPHOSTENT lphostent;
    int nRet;
    char Dest[3000];  
    char* host_name="blog.sina.com.cn";
    char* req="GET /s/blog_44acab2f01016gz3.html HTTP/1.1\r\n"
        "User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 8.0; Windows NT 5.1; Trident/4.0; .NET CLR 1.1.4322; .NET CLR 2.0.50727; .NET4.0C; .NET4.0E; .NET CLR 3.0.4506.2152; .NET CLR 3.5.30729)\r\n"
        "Host:blog.sina.com.cn\r\n\r\n";


    // 初始化套接字  
    if(WSAStartup(MAKEWORD(2,2),&wsadata))
        printf("初始化SOCKET出错!");
    lphostent=gethostbyname(host_name);   
    if(lphostent==NULL)   
        printf("lphostent为空!");   
    hsocket = socket(AF_INET,SOCK_STREAM,IPPROTO_TCP);   
    saServer.sin_family = AF_INET;   
    saServer.sin_port = htons(80);   
    saServer.sin_addr =*((LPIN_ADDR)*lphostent->h_addr_list);   
    // 利用SOCKET连接   
    nRet = connect(hsocket,(LPSOCKADDR)&saServer,sizeof(SOCKADDR_IN));   
    if(nRet == SOCKET_ERROR)   
    {
        printf("建立连接时出错!");   
        closesocket(hsocket);
        return 0;
    }
    // 利用SOCKET发送   

    nRet = send(hsocket,req,strlen(req),0);   
    if(nRet==SOCKET_ERROR)   
    {   
        printf("发送数据包时出错!");   
        closesocket(hsocket);   
    }   
    nRet=1;   
    while(nRet>0)   
    {   
        // 接收返回数据包   
        nRet=recv(hsocket,(LPSTR)Dest,sizeof(Dest),0);   
        if(nRet>0)
            Dest[nRet]=0;
        else   
            Dest[0]=0;  
        char sDest[3000] = {0};
        UTF8_2_GB2312(sDest,nRet,Dest,nRet);
        // 显示返回数据包的大小、内容  
        //printf("\nReceived bytes:%d\n",nRet);   
        printf("Result:\n%s",sDest);   
    }
}

 

另外,以上我们获取网页的时候,获取到的可能是UTF8,似乎目前大多数网站都用的这种编码吧!下面是编码转换。

void UTF_8ToUnicode(wchar_t* pOut,char *pText)
{   
    char* uchar = (char *)pOut; 
    uchar[1] = ((pText[0] & 0x0F) << 4) + ((pText[1] >> 2) & 0x0F);
    uchar[0] = ((pText[1] & 0x03) << 6) + (pText[2] & 0x3F); 
} 
void Gb2312ToUnicode(wchar_t* pOut,char *gbBuffer) 
{   
    ::MultiByteToWideChar(CP_ACP,MB_PRECOMPOSED,gbBuffer,2,pOut,1);
} 
void UTF_8ToGB2312(char*pOut, char *pText, int pLen)  
{   
    char Ctemp[4];   
    memset(Ctemp,0,4); 
    int i =0 ,j = 0; 
    while(i < pLen) 
    {  
        if(pText[i] >= 0)  
        {  
            pOut[j++] = pText[i++]; 
        } 
        else 
        {  
            WCHAR Wtemp; 
            UTF_8ToUnicode(&Wtemp,pText + i);
            UnicodeToGB2312(Ctemp,Wtemp); 
            pOut[j] = Ctemp[0];
            pOut[j + 1] = Ctemp[1];  
            i += 3;   
            j += 2;  
        }   
    } 
    pOut[j] ='\n'; 
    return; 
}

 

这是是转换成GB2312的代码

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